June 18, 2024
Explore the question, "Are bagels gluten-free?" and learn intricacies involved in gluten-free labelling and its significance. Discover various recipes for making gluten-free bagels and find out how to determine if a bagel is gluten-free.


Bagels are a popular breakfast item loved by many, but for those who follow a gluten-free diet, they may be off-limits. This article aims at exploring the question, “Are bagels gluten-free?” and providing a comprehensive guide to understanding gluten, gluten-free diets, gluten-free labelling, and offering a recipe for making delicious gluten-free bagels at home.

Understanding Gluten and Gluten-Free Diet

Gluten is a protein found in grains such as wheat, rye, and barley. It’s responsible for giving bread, pasta, and other foods a chewy texture and can cause an immune reaction in those with gluten-sensitivity or celiac disease. People with gluten-sensitivity or celiac disease must follow a strict gluten-free diet, which involves avoiding all foods that contain gluten.

Some common foods containing gluten include bread, pasta, crackers, pizza, and baked goods like muffins, cookies, and bagels. Gluten-free diets offer various benefits to those who follow them, such as relieving digestive symptoms, improving mood, and increasing energy levels.

Types of Bagels and Gluten Content

Bagels come in various types such as plain, sesame, everything, and cinnamon raisin. Some bagels, especially those that are mass-produced, contain gluten as it is added during the manufacturing process. Generally, plain bagels contain lower amounts of gluten than those with added ingredients.

Bagel makers add gluten to bagels to make them denser and chewier. This means that certain types of bagels have more gluten than others. Gluten-free bagels may contain alternative flours such as rice or almond flour that do not contain gluten.

Easy Gluten-Free Bagel Recipe

Here’s a simple recipe for making delicious gluten-free bagels at home:


  • 2 cups gluten-free flour
  • 1/4 cup tapioca flour
  • 1/4 cup potato starch
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 2 tsp active dry yeast
  • 1 tbsp sugar
  • 1 cup warm water
  • 1 egg white
  • Sesame seeds or poppy seeds for topping (optional)


  1. In a large mixing bowl, combine the gluten-free flour, tapioca flour, potato starch, and salt.
  2. In a separate bowl, dissolve the yeast and sugar in warm water, then add the egg white.
  3. Pour the wet ingredients into the dry ingredients and mix until the dough forms.
  4. Knead the dough on a floured surface for three to four minutes.
  5. Divide the dough into six equal parts.
  6. Shape the dough into a donut-shaped bagel, with a hole in the center.
  7. Place the bagels on a baking sheet and let them rise for 20 to 30 minutes.
  8. Preheat the oven to 425°F and top the bagels with sesame seeds or poppy seeds (optional).
  9. Bake the bagels for 25 to 30 minutes or until golden brown.

Understanding “Gluten-Free” Labelling

The “gluten-free” label means that a food product contains less than 20 parts per million of gluten. This standard is set by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and applies to any food product that’s marketed as “gluten-free.”

When reading packaging labels, look for the “gluten-free” symbol or statement on the label. If it’s not present, read the list of ingredients and avoid anything using wheat, barley, or rye. Avoid if there are no ingredients listed and if you’re still unsure, check with the manufacturer to confirm if the product is gluten-free.

Gluten-Free vs. Traditional Bagel Taste Test

Gluten-free bagels are denser and chewier than traditional bagels made with wheat flour. However, they still taste delicious and are a suitable alternative for those with gluten-sensitivity or celiac disease. Traditional bagels may taste better to some, but the difference isn’t as significant.

During preparation, the gluten-free dough may require more time to rise since gluten provides structure, preventing gluten-free dough from rising as much. However, the effort to make gluten-free bagels is worth it as they can provide the perfect breakfast item.

How to Determine if a Bagel is Gluten-Free

If a bagel is not labelled as gluten-free, it may not be safe for those who require a gluten-free diet. It’s essential to look for warning signs when selecting bagels, such as cross-contamination of bread crumbs or flour on a surface. This may have gluten, so it’s not safe for people who need a gluten-free diet. For more information, it’s best to contact the manufacturer or bakery if there’s any doubt.

What to Do if You Accidentally Consume Gluten

If you accidentally consume gluten, take immediate action. Some common symptoms of gluten intolerance include diarrhea, abdominal pain, and bloating, which can be alleviated by drinking plenty of water and resting. Over-the-counter medications such as antacids and anti-inflammatory medication may also help to ease symptoms.

If you experience severe symptoms, contact your doctor immediately. It’s crucial to avoid consuming gluten for several days to allow your body to recover. Ensure to notify anyone involved in your meal planning to prevent future occurrences.


Bagels may or may not be gluten-free, depending on how the bagels are made and the ingredients used. People with gluten-sensitivity or celiac disease should avoid bagels with wheat flour and instead opt for gluten-free bagels. However, they don’t have to miss out on the delicious taste because homemade gluten-free bagels are simple to make, and it’s easy to decipher “gluten-free” labelling. By following these tips and tricks, those on a gluten-free diet can continue to enjoy delicious bagels without any negative side effects.

If you’re interested in following a gluten-free lifestyle, ensure to consult with a registered dietitian or healthcare provider for personalized recommendations.

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