June 18, 2024
Learn what it takes to become a successful investment banker, including necessary qualifications and skills, networking and mentoring strategies, internships and entry-level job advice, interview techniques, career advancement opportunities, and suggestions for professional development.


Investment banking is a highly competitive and lucrative industry that provides financial services to a variety of clients, including corporations, governments, and individuals. If you are interested in finance and enjoy solving complex problems, then investment banking may be a fitting career path for you. To become an investment banker, you must acquire the necessary qualifications, skills, and networking strategies. This article will guide you through the process of becoming an investment banker.

Overview of the Investment Banking Industry

Investment banking has been a prominent industry for over 150 years, starting in the United States during the 1860s. Since then, the industry has expanded globally and has become a significant component of the financial sector. Investment banks provide a range of services including underwriting, mergers and acquisitions, financial advisory services, trading, and asset management. The industry has seen significant change and growth over the years. Given the rising popularity of cryptocurrency and the ever-changing market, the demand for investment banking services will continue to grow.

Necessary Qualifications and Skills

While there are no hard and fast educational or experience-specific requirements to become an investment banker, a strong analytical background, advanced degree(s), and interpersonal communication skills are important. The most common undergraduate degrees for investment bankers include finance, economics, and accounting, however, candidates with diverse backgrounds are equally well represented in the industry. Most banks look for candidates with advanced degrees such as MBAs, especially if they want to advance into leadership positions, including managing director or principal.

Networking and Mentoring

Networking and mentorship are crucial for success in investment banking. Connections are often key in landing interviews and job offers. Investment bankers typically network through industry events, informational sessions, and LinkedIn. Attending networking events, sending cold emails, and following up after informational interviews can help establish and maintain relationships in the industry. An experienced and established mentor is also crucial in helping aspiring investment bankers navigate the industry’s complexities and challenges.

Internships and Entry-Level Jobs

Internships are highly valued in the industry, and many investment banks offer them to undergraduate or graduate students. This is a great way to showcase your skills and familiarity with the industry. By spending time working in a professional environment, you’ll gain valuable knowledge about the industry and make valuable connections with experienced professionals. Entry-level positions often entail tasks such as data collection, financial modeling, and maintaining client files.

Interview Techniques

Investment banks are notorious for having rigorous interview processes. To prepare, do extensive research on the company, industry, and available roles. Technical questions are common, so polishing your knowledge of accounting and corporate finance will help you stand out. Lastly, dress professionally and conduct mock interviews with friends or other professionals to help prepare for behavioural questions.

Career Advancement

Career advancement in the investment banking industry is dependent on one’s qualifications, skills, and successful networking. Investment bankers are often evaluated based on their performance. Those who perform well are rewarded with promotions and additional responsibilities. Entry-level associates are expected to work long hours and face significant pressure to succeed, but those who can endure are handsomely compensated over time for their perseverance.

Professional Development

To continuously enhance skills and knowledge and stay up-to-date with industry trends, investment bankers should consider participating in professional development activities. Such activities may include attending conferences or obtaining relevant certifications. Many investment bankers also join professional associations within the industry to work alongside and learn from industry peers and thought leaders.


Investment banking is a career path that requires a great deal of hard work and dedication. To succeed, you must meet the necessary qualifications, possess critical transferable skills, have strong networking and mentorship connections, and continue to learn and stay relevant in the investment banking industry. Follow these guidelines to prepare yourself for the unpredictable and competitive field of investment banking and take the necessary steps to become a successful investment banker.

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