September 29, 2023
Learn how to take vitamin B12 properly through natural sources and supplements to improve overall health. Discover the benefits of vitamin B12 and the common mistakes to avoid.


Vitamin B12 is a vital nutrient that plays a significant role in maintaining good health. As the body cannot produce this vitamin on its own, it is essential to get it through diet or supplements. In this article, we will explore how to take vitamin B12 and the benefits it offers to improve health.

Understanding the Importance of Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that belongs to the B-complex family. It is required for various functions in the body, including the formation of red blood cells, DNA synthesis, and maintaining healthy nerve cells.

Research has shown that vitamin B12 offers numerous health benefits, including improved cognitive function, a reduction in the risk of heart disease, and increased energy levels. Additionally, vitamin B12 is essential during pregnancy as it plays a crucial role in the development of the baby’s brain and nervous system.

Having an adequate intake of vitamin B12 is crucial as a deficiency can lead to numerous health problems, including anemia, numbness, and tingling in the fingers and toes, and even depression.

Natural Sources of Vitamin B12

The body absorbs vitamin B12 from animal-based foods such as meats, fish, and dairy products. Some excellent sources of vitamin B12 include:

  • Beef liver
  • Clams
  • Sardines
  • Tuna
  • Eggs
  • Dairy Products (milk and cheese)

For vegetarians and vegans, it can be challenging to get enough vitamin B12 as it is not naturally found in plant-based foods. However, some plant-based foods are fortified with vitamin B12, such as soy milk, nutritional yeast, and cereals. It is worth noting that not all plant-based foods are fortified with vitamin B12, so it is essential to read the labels carefully when choosing fortified foods.

Incorporating these sources of vitamin B12 into your diet is a great way to ensure that you get enough of this essential nutrient. You can do so by enjoying a variety of meats, fish, and dairy products or by incorporating fortified plant-based foods into your diet.

Vitamin B12 Supplements

If you struggle to get enough vitamin B12 through your diet, you may opt to take supplements. Vitamin B12 is available in several forms, including:

  • Methylcobalamin
  • Cyanocobalamin
  • Hydroxocobalamin

Each form is absorbed differently by the body and offers different benefits. Some people, for instance, find that methylcobalamin is more effective at increasing energy levels, while others may find that cyanocobalamin works better for them. Choosing the right supplement will depend on your individual needs.

It is important to follow instructions carefully when taking vitamin B12 supplements. In general, the recommended daily dose of vitamin B12 is 2.4 mcg per day for adults. However, talk with your healthcare practitioner to determine the appropriate dose for you.

Properly Taking Vitamin B12 Supplements

It is recommended to take vitamin B12 supplements with a meal to help with absorption. The body absorbs vitamin B12 differently than other vitamins, so it is essential to take it properly to avoid any potential side effects, such as upset stomach or diarrhea.

If you experience any side effects, try taking a lower dose or opting for a different form of vitamin B12. It is always important to speak with your healthcare provider if you experience any adverse reactions.

Pairing Vitamin B12 with Other Essential Nutrients

Vitamin B12 works best in conjunction with other essential nutrients such as zinc, iron, and folate. These nutrients help optimize vitamin B12 absorption and promote overall health.

Iron-rich foods like meat and beans, zinc-rich foods like nuts and seeds, and folate-rich foods like leafy greens and citrus fruits are all excellent options to pair vitamin B12 with to maximize its benefits. If you are not getting enough of these nutrients through your diet, you may opt to take a multivitamin to ensure you are getting adequate amounts of all essential nutrients.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

When it comes to taking vitamin B12, some common mistakes can hinder its absorption and effectiveness. Avoid the following mistakes to get the most out of your vitamin B12 intake:

  • Taking high doses: Taking more vitamin B12 than your body needs can cause adverse side effects, and it won’t improve its effectiveness.
  • Not taking with food: As vitamin B12 is better absorbed when taken with food, taking it on an empty stomach can hinder its absorption rate.
  • Taking the wrong form: Depending on your individual needs, one form of vitamin B12 may work better for you than others. Choosing the right supplement will help you get the most out of vitamin B12.

By avoiding these pitfalls, you can take vitamin B12 effectively and efficiently.

Key Benefits of Vitamin B12

The benefits of vitamin B12 are vast and include the following:

  • Improved cognitive function
  • Boosted energy levels
  • Reduced risk of heart disease
  • Improved mood regulation
  • Reduced risk of birth defects during pregnancy

Vitamin B12 plays an essential role in promoting a healthy body and mind.


Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient that supports various body functions, from the formation of red blood cells to maintaining healthy nerve cells and cognitive function. While it is important to ensure you get adequate amounts of vitamin B12 through diet, supplements can also help. By incorporating vitamin B12 into your daily routine and avoiding some common mistakes, you can reap the numerous benefits of this incredible nutrient.

If you have concerns about your vitamin B12 levels, consult with your healthcare practitioner for further guidance.

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